1. Assessment of the effect of high levels of tropospheric ozone and atmospheric nitrogen deposition on vegetation. Analysis of plant response mechanisms to air pollution
  2. Modelling of plant absorption flows of air pollutants in Mediterranean species. Definition of dose-response functions.
  3. Characterization of atmospheric nitrogen tank in Mediterranean ecosystems and analysis of nitrogen flows within the ecosystem.
  4. Definition of pollutant limit values that ensure the protection of vegetation under the Geneva Convention (UN / ECE): Critical Loads and Levels of ozone and nitrogen
  5. Analysis of the levels of air pollution in high mountain areas: daily, weekly and annual variability. Analysis of the risk of damage from high ozone levels in psicro-xerophile pastures
Rocío Alonso del Amo. Coordinadora de IP-GECA.

Dra. Rocío Alonso del Amo

Rocío Alonso del Amo is a senior Researcher at the Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology in Madrid (CIEMAT) and Principal Investigator of the Ecotoxicity of Air Pollution Research Group (GECA). Rocío earned his doctorate in Ecology at the Autonomous University of Madrid in 1998. Her main research interests are the effects of air pollution and climate change in the Mediterranean ecosystems. His work focuses on characterizing the atmospheric deposition of ozone and nitrogen compounds in natural ecosystems and its effects on plant growth, physiology and biochemistry. Results from her research are important component of pre-legislative decision-making since they deal with determining damage thresholds (critical loads and levels).

Foto grupo GECA
Research group profile
Main research interests of the group is focused on the induced effect of air pollution, including ground-level ozone and nitrogen compounds, in crops, forest species and pasture communities. The characterization of the effects is carried out at different levels of organization, from the cellular level to the ecosystem level, with special emphasis on key physiological processes such as carbon assimilation. GECA also develops studies to quantify and model the effect of air pollution on vegetation by calculating the absorption flows of air pollutants inside the plant.

Much of the experimental activity is carried out in an installation of Open Top Chamber (OTCs) managed by GECA, the experimental system is used to determine and quantify the relationship (function) between plant response and pollutant dose.

Research Projects associated to AGRISOST

  1. EDEN Effects of Nitrogen Deposition in Mediterranean Evergreen Holm Oak Forests. CGL2009-13188-C03-02
  2. MONTES. Spanish woodlands and global change: threats and opportunities. CSD2008-00040
  3. HEREPLUS. Health Risk from Environmental Pollution Levels in Urban Systems. 212854-FP7-ENV
  4. Critical loads and effects on vegetation under the Geneva Convention.
  5. Eclaire. Effects of climate change on air pollutions impacts and response of strategies for European ecosystems.282910

Scientific Infrastructures

  1. Experimental installation of Open Top Chamber (OTCs).
  2. Equipment to quantify air pollutants concentration (dry and wet deposition) and analysis of leachates.
  3. Air pollution monitoring Stations in high mountain, including meteorological parameters.
  4. Field equipment to measure plant physiological parameters: gas exchange at leaf and canopy scale, fluorescence, spectroradiometers and water potential
  5. Laboratory of biochemistry and plant physiology

  1. Sardans, J., Janssens, I.A., Alonso, R., Veresoglou, S.D., Rillig, M.C., Sanders, T.G.M., Carnicer, J., Filella, I., Farre-Armengol, G., Penuelas, J., 2015. Foliar elemental composition of European forest tree species associated with evolutionary traits and present environmental and competitive conditions. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24, 240-255.
  2. Assis, P.I.L.S., Alonso, R., Meirelles, S.T., Moraes, R.M., 2015. DO3SE model applicability and O-3 flux performance compared to AOT40 for an O-3-sensitive tropical tree species (Psidium guajava L. ‘Paluma’). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22, 10873-10881.
  3. Garcia-Gomez, H., Garrido, J.L., Vivanco, M.G., Lassaletta, L., Rabago, I., Avila, A., Tsyro, S., Sanchez, G., Gonzalez Ortiz, A., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Alonso, R., 2015. Nitrogen deposition in Spain: Modeled patterns and threatened habitats within the Natura 2000 network (vol 485, pg 450, 2014). Science of the Total Environment 505, 1234-1234.
  4. Bueker, P., Feng, Z., Uddling, J., Briolat, A., Alonso, R., Braun, S., Elvira, S., Gerosa, G., Karlsson, P.E., Le Thiec, D., Marzuoli, R., Mills, G., Oksanen, E., Wieser, G., Wilkinson, M., Emberson, L.D., 2015. New flux based dose-response relationships for ozone for European forest tree species. Environmental Pollution 206, 163-174.
  5. Ramirez-Garcia, J., Carrillo, J.M., Ruiz, M., Alonso-Ayuso, M., Quemada, M., 2015. Multicriteria decision analysis applied to cover crop species and cultivars selection. Field Crops Research 175, 106-115.
  6. Ramirez-Garcia, J., Gabriel, J.L., Alonso-Ayuso, M., Quemada, M., 2015. Y Quantitative characterization of five cover crop species. Journal of Agricultural Science 153, 1174-1185.
  7. Monga, R., Marzuoli, R., Alonso, R., Bermejo, V., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Faoro, F., Gerosa, G., 2015. Varietal screening of ozone sensitivity in Mediterranean durum wheat (Triticum durum, Desf.). Atmospheric Environment 110, 18-26.
  8. Sanz, J., Calvete-Sogo, H., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Lin, J., Garcia-Gomez, H., Muntifering, R., Alonso, R., Bermejo-Bermejo, V., 2015. Foliar senescence is the most sensitive response to ozone in Bromus hordeaceus and is modulated by nitrogen input. Grass and Forage Science 70, 71-84.
  9. Alonso, R., Elvira, S., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Calvete, H., Garcia-Gomez, H., Bermejo, V., 2014. Drought stress does not protect Quercus ilex L. from ozone effects: results from a comparative study of two subspecies differing in ozone sensitivity. Plant Biology 16, 375-384.
  10. Calvete-Sogo, H., Elvira, S., Sanz, J., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Garcia-Gomez, H., Sanchez-Martin, L., Alonso, R., Bermejo-Bermejo, V., 2014. Current ozone levels threaten gross primary production and yield of Mediterranean annual pastures and nitrogen modulates the response. Atmospheric Environment 95, 197-206.
  11. Garcia-Gomez, H., Garrido, J.L., Vivanco, M.G., Lassaletta, L., Rabago, I., Avila, A., Tsyro, S., Sanchez, G., Gonzalez Ortiz, A., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Alonso, R., 2014. Nitrogen deposition in Spain: Modeled patterns and threatened habitats within the Natura 2000 network. Science of the Total Environment 485, 450-460.
  12. Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Calvo, E., Gerosa, G., Bermejo, V., Marzuoli, R., Calatayud, V., Alonso, R., 2014. Setting ozone critical levels for protecting horticultural Mediterranean crops: Case study of tomato. Environmental Pollution 185, 178-187.
  13. Sanz, J., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Calvete-Sogo, H., Lin, J.S., Alonso, R., Muntifering, R., Bermejo, V., 2014. Ozone and nitrogen effects on yield and nutritive quality of the annual legume Trifolium cherleri. Atmospheric Environment 94, 765-772.
  14. Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Bermejo, V., Elvira, S., de la Torre, D., Gonzalez, A., Navarrete, L., Sanz, J., Calvete, H., Garcia-Gomez, H., Lopez, A., Serra, J., Lafarga, A., Armesto, A.P., Calvo, A., Alonso, R., 2013. Modelling ozone stomatal flux of wheat under mediterranean conditions. Atmospheric Environment 67, 149-160.
  15. Bueker, P., Morrissey, T., Briolat, A., Falk, R., Simpson, D., Tuovinen, J.P., Alonso, R., Barth, S., Baumgarten, M., Grulke, N., Karlsson, P.E., King, J., Lagergren, F., Matyssek, R., Nunn, A., Ogaya, R., Penuelas, J., Rhea, L., Schaub, M., Uddling, J., Werner, W., Emberson, L.D., 2012. DO3SE modelling of soil moisture to determine ozone flux to forest trees. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 5537-5562.
  16. Alonso, R., Vivanco, M.G., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Bermejo, V., Palomino, I., Luis Garrido, J., Elvira, S., Salvador, P., Artinano, B., 2011. Modelling the influence of peri-urban trees in the air quality of Madrid region (Spain). Environmental Pollution 159, 2138-2147.
  17. Sanz, J., Bermejo, V., Muntifering, R., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Gimeno, B.S., Elvira, S., Alonso, R., 2011. Plant phenology, growth and nutritive quality of Briza maxima: Responses induced by enhanced ozone atmospheric levels and nitrogen enrichment. Environmental Pollution 159, 423-430.
  18. Salvador, P., Artinano, B., Viana, M.M., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Alonso, R., 2011. Spatial and temporal variations in PM10 and PM2.5 across Madrid metropolitan area in 1999-2008. In: Paoletti, E. (Ed.), Urban Environmental Pollution 2010, pp. 198-208.
  19. Gonzalez-Fernandez, I., Bermejo, V., Elvira, S., Sanz, J., Gimeno, B.S., Alonso, R., 2010. Modelling annual pasture dynamics: Application to stomatal ozone deposition. Atmospheric Environment 44, 2507-2517.